Tourism in Armenia
With a culture rich in history, Armenia is home to monuments and museums of great importance. Yerevan, its capital, has monuments that are worth visiting. Places like the Materdaran, and various museums, makes Armenia a tourist paradise.
In its eastern part of Armenia, there is the village called Garni, where we find the only pagan temple in the country.
What to do and what to visit?
Visit the troglodyte village of Goris
Located in the south of Armenia, close to the border of Azerbaijan, Goris is a quiet town nestled in a green valley. Its beauty cannot be found in the current city, but rather in the original city called Old Goris where there are old cave paintings. Goris is an amazing place.
Discover millennial monasteries
The discovery of the Armenian religious heritage is one of the highlights of a trip to Armenia. At the beginning of the 4th century, Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity.
Thus, over the centuries, its territory has seen the growth of a large number of churches and monasteries.
Some sites are among the essentials to visit such as the monastery of Khor Virap. Khor Virap can be foundat Mount Ararat’s foot. Saint John of Hovhannavank is also one of the most beautiful historical gems of the country. The Geghard monastery and the Etchmiadzin church are two other places to be included during your stay.
Take the longest cable car in the world
Armenia can boast of having the longest cable car in the world. Inaugurated in 2010 and nicknamed Les Ailes de Tatev. The cable car provides access to the medieval monastery of Tatev. Tatev is one of the largest religious centers in Armenia dating from the 9th century. The route covers 5.7 kilometers and overlooks the spectacular Vorotan gorges.
As the capital of the country, Yerevan seduces many travelers. The buildings in Yerevan are constructed with a pink colored volcanic stone.
To start your tourism, head to Republic Square, the heart of the capital, this offers a mix of Soviet and Armenian architectural style.
Then go to the Blue Mosque, a magnificent building, built by the Turks and then modified by the Shah of Iran when he recovered Yerevan.
Today it is a true place of worship for the Iranian community in Armenia. The tour continues to the Cascade, a giant staircase-shaped monument which houses a museum of contemporary art. The ascent of its 572 steps offers a nice surprise on arrival. A tour of the Armenian Genocide Museum promises an interesting and deeply moving visit to the country’s painful history.
The Geghard monastery is a real gem of the Azat Valley. This amazing monastery stands in the center of a rocky cirque. Founded in the 13th century, it was once occupied by monks living in caves.
Geghard Monastery has been the subject of violent disputes over the centuries. It was destroyed at the time of the Arab invasion, and then badly damaged by earthquakes. However, it has always been rebuilt and the old stones reused.
Geghard means “spear” in Armenian because this is where the spear that pierced the body of Christ is said to have been kept. The monks claimed to have a fragment of Noah’s ark, which makes this place an important pilgrimage site. The monument blends into a landscape of great natural beauty.
Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000, it is one of the essential sites to visit during an organized trip to Armenia.
Garni Temple is the only Hellenist monument in Armenia. Located east of Yerevan and overlooking a canyon through which flows the Azat river. It once served as a summer residence for Armenian kings.
This temple, built by King Tiridates I, was dedicated to the Sun God Mithras, much revered in the Near East. All the pagan temples were destroyed after the adoption of Christianity except the temple of Garni. Garni is classified as a World Heritage site by UNESCO. Sculpted in basalt, it has been perfectly restored after damage caused by several earthquakes. This masterpiece of Hellenistic art stands in a majestic setting, a place that will delight lovers of history and nature.